Spot of George Washington's Inauguration Wall St NYC (Kenyon)

Spot of George Washington's Inauguration Wall St NYC (Kenyon)
Powerpoint Presentation on the Washington and Adams Administrations
Washington's Farewell Address
Washington's Neutrality Proclamation
Alien & Sedition Acts
The Kentucky Resolution
Jefferson v Hamilton video United Streaming
Lewis and Clark KML on Google Maps

Alexander Hamilton was the leader of the Federalist Party who supported an Urban, Manufacturing America based on a National Bank system. He supported a strong federal government and believed the "neccesary and proper" clause in the Constitution gave the federal government vast powers. He was washington's Secreteray of the Treasurey and clashed with Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson on many issues.

Thomas Jefferson viewed the future of America as one rooted in small farmers and limited government. He feared the strong central government Alexander Hamilton was forming and believed in a "strict interpreatation of the Constitution"

John Adams was the second president of the U.S. during his one term presidency he kept the U.S. out of war with France but also signed into law the Coontroversial Alien and Sedition Acts that were aimed at silencing his opponents.

"The Ghost of Alexander Hamilton". The Federalist party never regained the White House after John Adams's loss in the 1800 election. Their leader Alexander Hamilton was later killed in a duel in 1803. Their beliefs did live on through the decisions of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Marshall. In Marbury v. Madison Marshall set up the legal precedent of "Judicial Review" which stated that the Supreme Court not the States had the right to rule on the constitutionality of a law

John Adams Portrait @ National Portrait Gallery (Kenyon)

Political Cartoon: The XYZ Affair an incident in which American ministers were asked for a bribe in order to meet with their french counterparts. The inceident put the U.S. and France into a "quasi war".

Map Election of 1800: Called the "Revolution of 1800" because it set the precedent for a "peaceful transfer of power in which one political party (Federalists) gave up power to another political party (Republicans). It was also the first election in which the press played a major role.

Thomas Jefferson (who entered office intent to shrink the size of the federal government) voiced a conciliatory tone in his inaugural address when he stated “We are all Federalists, we are all Republicans”. While in office TJ made numerous decisions that would increase the power of the federal government rather than shrink it (most notably the Louisiana Purchase and the Embargo Act)

The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the United States. In order to make this deal Jefferson broke from his “strict construction” theory of the Constitution and greatly expanded the power and size of the Federal government. Yet, in doing so TJ believed he would help his view of an “Agrarian based America” come to fruition.

Toussaint L’ouverture (by Jacob Lawrence). Originally TJ was only interested in purchasing the port of New Orleans from Napoleon. Toussaint’s defeat of Napoleons army (durinng a slave uprising in Haiti) helped lead Napoleon to give up his idea of a North American Empire. He surprised the United States by offering the entire Louisiana Purchase for only $15 Million Dollars.

When Britain and France blockaded each other’s ports and refused to let American goods in TJ signed the controversial Embargo Act into law. The law was a huge expansion in federal power because it cut off American trade with the entire world. This greatly upset New England shippers and port towns. TJ later replaced it with the Non-Intercourse Act (which opened trade to the every nation except B & F) but it was too late and his popularity took a huge hit.

Jefferson’s gravestone in which he depicts his lifelong accomplishments Declaration of Independence, Statute of Virginia for Religious Freedom, and Founder of the University of Virginia. Noticeably omitted is 3rd President of the United States. Jefferson ironically died on July 4, 1826 the same day that his political friend/nemesis John Adams passed away. Reportedly Adams’s last words were “Thomas Jefferson Survives”. He did not know that Jefferson had passed away a few hours earlier.