Midterm Review of Terms and Names by Chapter

Give Me Liberty: An American History by Eric Foner is a student study space

US History Outlines and Charts is a good website with outlines of major themes in US History

Timeline site that has different categories including (States, Territories, Presidents, Society, Women, Labor, Native American, Worls, Science, and Culture)

Powerpoint Palooza is a website put together by Susan M. Pojer with over 40 APUSH power points

Wikipedia timeline of United States History

Midterm Review Vocab

1607 - 1763 Indians Slaves, Women and Religeous Groups in the
Adian Q, Aiadan M, Sherly, Jessica, Tim

(1607-1763) Differences and similarities between
Sarah, Hailey, Kyle, Alexa

Differences and similarities between the colonial civilizations of the of British North America: New England, Middle Colonies, Chesapeake, and the South
James, Mary, Moriah, Ahmad

Zianna, Bilal, John, Maggie, Michael B

(1783-1789) (Articles of Confederation, Constitution, Washington Presidency)
Michaela, Sophia, Katarzyna, Nicole


(1800 -1840) Emmanuel, Natalia, Ami, Melanie, Nafiz


1820-1865
Abigail Schmidt, Evan Siebert, Brandon Strom, Ala Pawelek, Emileigh Westleigh


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Ben Franklin political cartoon urging colonial unity during the French and Indian War


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Map of North America in 1763 after the French and Indian War


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Anti Stamp Act Teapot sold in the colonies



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British political cartoon depicting the actions of the colonists


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Image of the Boston Tea Party


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Paul Revere "The Bloody Massacre"


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"The Shot Heard Round the World" Concord , MA


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John Trumbull "Decleration of Independence 1776"


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John Trumbull "the Battle of Saratoga"


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John Trumbull "The British Surrender at Yorktown"


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The Articles of Confederation"


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Daniel Shays leader of "Shays Rebellion"


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Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States


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Monument to George Washington on Wall St. NYC where he took the oath office to become the 1st President of the United States


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Alexander Hamilton (Secretary of the Treasury) and Thomas Jefferson (Secretary of State) had different visions of how the new country should be shaped their argument over political issues such as assumption of war debts and a national bank lead to the first political parties in the countries history.


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Madison, Jefferson, and Hamilton came to a political bargain over Hamilton's fiscal plan that lead to the new Capital city being placed on the Potomac River. The South had fears that the capital city would be in the north and fall into the control of the nation's largest banks that were found there.


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George Washington and the Whiskey Rebellion


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The X,Y,Z Affair in France during the Adams administration


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The Alien and Sedition Acts that were passed during the Adams Administration lead Jefferson and Madison to write the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions which argued that a state could nullify a federal law that it found unconstitutional.

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Cheif Justice of the Supreme Court (The Ghost of Alexander Hamilton) was a member of the Federalist Party. In his landmark decision of Marbury v. Madison he set the precedent of Judicial Review which said the Supreme Court not States would decide the constitutionality of a law.

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Thomas Jefferson's election victory in 1800 is referred to as the "Revolution of 1800" because it was the first peaceful transfer of power from one political party (the Federalists) to a rival party (the Republicans)


TJ
Thomas Jefferson entered the office of the presidency with many political beliefs about the size and role of government. During his presidency he would have to make many decisions that were opposed to the beliefs he brought into office.


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Jefferson believed America should be a country of yeoman farmers with a small federal government. This was opposed to Hamilton who believed America should have large banks to loan money for urban industrialization and business.


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Even though Jefferson believed in strict construction of constitution he put those beliefs aside when the opportunity arose to purchase Louisiana from Napoleon and France. He believed this purchase would help safeguard his view of a country dedicated to small farmers.


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Robert Fultons steamship making it famous trip up the Hudson River in 1808. This helped by bringing down the cost of commerce by making upstream navagation possible and making speeding up trade on the Great Lakes.


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Erie Canal opens Upstate New York and Old Northwest to settlement. It helps imporve trade between farmers in the west and manufacturing in the east.


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Railroads open up new areas in the interior of the country and help lead to the growth of coal mining and iron manufacturing.


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Eli Whitney 1794 patent for Cotton Gin, which leads to the expansion of American slavery and the Cotton Kingdom of the Deep South



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"Lowell Mill Girls" because native born American men did not want to give up their freedom and work under conditions of constant supervision, many of the earliest factories in Mass hired young unmarried women to work in the mills.


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Nativists viewed the Irish stereotyped the Irish as they did blacks and blamed them for Urban violence


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When Missouri was ready to enter the Union as a slave state it threatened to upset the sectional balance in congress. The Missouri Compromise (Compromise of 1820) allowed Missouri to enter as a slave state, Maine as a free state, and said that all new territories north of the 36 30 Line would be cut off to slavery.


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Known as the “Corrupt Bargain” the election of 1824 saw Andrew Jackson win the popular vote and gain the most Electoral College Votes but fail to win the election. Jackson failed to win a majority of the Electoral College so the election was thrown into the House of Representatives. Speaker of the House Henry Clay through his support behind John Quincy Adams because of JQA’s support for the “American System”. President Adams made Clay his Secretary of State which at the time was the stepping stone to the Presidency (Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, JQA) so people thought that their man Jackson was robbed by men they considered snobs.


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Andrew Jackson became a war hero at the Battle of New Orleans and then a champion of the common man. His presidency is best known for his fight against the Bank of the US, the nullification crisis in South Carolina, and the removal of the Cherokees


Support for tariffs became a major cause of sectional tension during the age of Jackson. The "Tariff of Abominations" as it was called in the south lead to South Carolina threats of "nullification and secession".
Support for tariffs became a major cause of sectional tension during the age of Jackson. The "Tariff of Abominations" as it was called in the south lead to South Carolina threats of "nullification and secession".



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The Trail of Tears and the removal of the Cherokees


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Andrew Jackson's veto of the Bank bill, drew anger from his enemies because they felt he was acting like a monarch. Jackson's reason for the veto was because he did not like the bank and felt that it harmed the common man.




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Henry Clay who worked to compromise in the Senate and supported a series of programs known as "The American System"



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John C Calhoun of South Carolina who lead the protest against the "Tariff of Abominations" and threatened nullification.



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Daniel Webster the Senator from Mass was a strong advocate for Union


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James K. Polk is know for adding more territory to the U.S. then any other President. His campaign slogan was 54 40 or fight because of a dispute with Britain over Oregon but he would later compromise rather then go to war. War with Mexico was another matter.


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"Blood Spilled On American Soil"? This is the reason that Polk used to go to war with Mexico but were American soldiers killed over the Nuceces River or the Rio Grande? A young Illinois Representative named Abraham Lincoln issued a series of "Spot Resolutions" to try and find out?


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The acquisition of the Mexican Cession reopened the controversial issue of slavery and put it on the front burner of American politics. The Wilmot Proviso that was introduced in congress would have made slavery illegal in all territory acquired from Mexico. Even though it did not pass the Senate the very idea infuriated the South and increased sectionalism.


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In 1849 a Gold Rush in California resulted in a population surge that gave California a large enough population to apply for statehood


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The Compromise of 1850 allowed California to enter as a free state, subjected Utah and New Mexico to Popular Sovereignty and set a stricter Fugitive Slave Law


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The north was outraged by the new Fugitive Slave law that came out of the Compromise of 1850. Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel Uncle Tom's Cabin. The only book that sold more copies that century was the Bible. When Lincoln met Stowe he supposedly said to her “So you’re the little women who started this big war”


Stephen Douglas from Illinois wanted a transcontinental Railroad to pass through his home state and need the Kansas and Missouri territory entered into the union to make this happen. The problem was these territories were above the 36 30 line so the south was stalling in fears of losing the sectional balance in the congress. Douglas championed the idea of "popular sovereignty" which is the idea that the people of a territory should be able to decide for themselves if a state would be free or slave.
Stephen Douglas from Illinois wanted a transcontinental Railroad to pass through his home state and need the Kansas and Missouri territory entered into the union to make this happen. The problem was these territories were above the 36 30 line so the south was stalling in fears of losing the sectional balance in the congress. Douglas championed the idea of "popular sovereignty" which is the idea that the people of a territory should be able to decide for themselves if a state would be free or slave.


The "Kansas Nebraska Act" led to civil war in "Bleeding Kansas" as pro slavery and anti slavery forces took up arms against one another. The radical abolitionist John Brown hacked to death pro-slavery men in Kansas and became a wanted man in the south.
The "Kansas Nebraska Act" led to civil war in "Bleeding Kansas" as pro slavery and anti slavery forces took up arms against one another. The radical abolitionist John Brown hacked to death pro-slavery men in Kansas and became a wanted man in the south.


On the floor of the United States senate Representative Preston Brooks from South Carolina beat Senator Charles Sumner from MA with a cane for words he spoke in a speech a about "Bleeding Kansas". Southern supporters sent him more canes after they heard he had broken his own on Sumner's head.
On the floor of the United States senate Representative Preston Brooks from South Carolina beat Senator Charles Sumner from MA with a cane for words he spoke in a speech a about "Bleeding Kansas". Southern supporters sent him more canes after they heard he had broken his own on Sumner's head.


John Brown believed he was sent by god to put an end to slavery. He attempted to start a slave uprising at Harper's Ferry in South Carolina. It was a failure as a southern Militia lead by Robert E. Lee put down the uprising and captured Brown who was hung for the crime.
John Brown believed he was sent by god to put an end to slavery. He attempted to start a slave uprising at Harper's Ferry in South Carolina. It was a failure as a southern Militia lead by Robert E. Lee put down the uprising and captured Brown who was hung for the crime.


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President of the United States Abraham Lincoln whose election in 1860 lead to the secession of the Confederate States


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President of the Confederacy Jefferson Davis


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A photograph of the dead at the Battle of Antietam which was the bloodiest day in American History. After the Union won at Antietam Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation and turned the war into a war against slavery.


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Ulysses S. Grant the military General whose victories in the West won him command of the Army of the Potomac and Lincoln's affection. His nicknames during the war included "Unconditional Surrender" and "Unspeakable Slaughter"


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General Robert E. Lee the military mastermind who lead Confederate army of the Virginia


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The Freedmen's Bureau


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Thomas Nast and the "Swing Around the Circle"


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"This is a White Man's Government" Thomas Nast cartoon depicting the divisivepolitics of Reconstruction America. A Democrat politican, an ex Confederate, and a Northern Irish immigrant are seen stepping on a black man.


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The different groups that made up black voters are depicted in this image (ex slave, black who had been free prior to emancipation, and the black soldier)


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Radical Reconstruction